Arfa Karim, an Inspirational Pakistani Girl

The International Day of the Girl is round the corner, so I thought of sharing a story of an inspiring young Pakistani girl. No, I am not taking about Malala, but she is as inspiring as her but unfortunately not known by the rest of the world.


This is the story of Arfa Karim Randhawa, a girl born in Faisalabad, Pakistan in 1995. She was only 5 years old when she first saw a computer in her school. Fascinated by it, she demanded her father, who used to work in United Nations Peace keeping force, to buy her a computer. Her dad granted her the wish and bought her a computer. Her father observed her extraordinary skills in using the computer and decided to enroll her in an IT education and training institute near their home in Faisalabad.

She was a fast learner and she excelled at the institute. The management of the institute recommended her father that she should seek for Microsoft certification since she was ready for it. In 2004, after few months of continuous study in the summer break, she successfully passed the Microsoft certification exam and became the youngest ever Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP), just at the age of 9. This not only surprised her family, the management of the institute but also bewildered the Microsoft team. They couldn’t believe a girl only at the age of 9 could pass the exam when many adults after years of hardwork couldn’t pass the test.

This caught the attention of Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft. He invited Arfa and her parents to visit the Microsoft headquarters in Redmond, Washington. Bill Gates and Arfa talked about various things that day. Bill Gates was impressed with her intelligence and commended her confidence. Arfa asked him many questions that day, like why people her age couldn’t work for Microsoft, why aren’t there many females working in the big IT companies and suggested there should be gender equality in large corporations.

Upon her return from the US, she became an icon in Pakistan. She was interviewed by various channels, invited to various international conferences and summits and also received awards from the President and Prime Minister of Pakistan. She notably is also the youngest recipient of the Pride of Performance award in Pakistan. In 2006, Microsoft invited her to be the key note speaker at the Tech-Ed developers conference which was held in Barcelona.

She had big dreams and ambitions. She wanted to graduate from an Ivy League school and work as a software developer. Unfortunately she died in 2004 due to a heart attack, at the young age of 16. She might not be with us but her legacy will always remain with us.

In her honor, the government of Pakistan built a science and technology park in the her name in Lahore, Pakistan. It’s called the Arfa Software Technology Park and now the brightest minds in the field of science and technology are training there.

There are many inspiring stories of young girls changing the world, we just need to look around us. This is only possible due to education. It’s unfortunate that in some parts of the world, girls are still deprived of good quality education.

This post was originally posted here:—inspiring-girl-from-pakistan

Analyzing the Education Sector of Pakistan

This article was originally published here:



Education is an important aspect of socio-economic development for any country in the world. An educated society has more chances of development. Unfortunately in Pakistan, this fact is largely ignored and little or less attention is paid on improving this situation.

Pakistan is the sixth most populated country in the world and is counted amongst the least literate nations in the world, where almost 5.5 million children are out of school and only one in four is able to make it to the 10th standard.

Pakistan is ranked 180th in the list of literate nations by UNESCO. Countries in Africa such as Ghana and Mali are even better placed compared to Pakistan.

Education is considered a root cause of other major problems in society like street crime, poverty, unemployment and even terrorism. It is evident from the fact that Pakistan is a country which has high rates of poverty, unemployment and terrorism.

The major problem facing the education sector in Pakistan is the widening gap between the public and private schools. The quality of education received at private schools is far greater to that received in public schools – however there is only a tiny minority who can afford private education.

I have often heard people complaining that there are very few government-run schools in the country. The problem is not the quantity of schools but the quality of education being received by the students there. The infrastructure of public schools in terrible and often students don’t have a chair to sit or a desk to write on.

Mostly teachers are absent or running their own tuition centres or doing other jobs. Many schools have become ghost schools. They are present on the rosters of the government but are providing no services to students. The teachers and headmasters continue to receive salaries from the taxpayers’ hard-earned money. There isa  high level of corruption and bureaucracy which is damaging the education sector.

Pakistani students

Girl students at a school in Pakistan

I have seen many public schools, especially in the rural areas, where the occupancy rate is less than 25%. Parents are reluctant to send their children to schools because of several reasons:

  • Inferior quality of education at public schools
  • Lack of sanitation facilities for girls
  • Terrorism
  • Some people consider education un-Islamic
  • Lack of awareness (don’t see merits of education)
  • Children are source of income (child labour)

The most common reason is that parents think that their children could be better utilised working in their farms or elsewhere earning bread and butter for their families. Extreme poverty is becoming a hindrance in education.

There are 19 million children who are not able to afford education, out of which 10.5 million children are forced to work as child labourers. This is where charity schools run by organisations like Zindagi Trust and The Citizens Foundation are playing a crucial role and are a ray of hope in the difficult times.

A few years back when I was in Pakistan, I got the opportunity to volunteer for Zindagi Trust. It is a non-profit organisation run by a celebrity pop singer in Pakistan, Shehzad Roy. The Zindagi Trust schools have an innovative “Paid to Learn” program where they give children money to learn. Everyday students are assigned homework; those students who do the homework and are present in class are paid money. This way they are earning for their family as well as learning at the same time.

The government, under the article 25-A of the Constitution of Pakistan, is obligated to provide free and compulsory quality education to children between the ages of five and 16. However, we don’t see this happening.

In the other countries, education is considered a basic right while in Pakistan it is still considered a privilege. This problem can only be solved if the government pays full attention to this important issue and tries to eliminate the corruption and bureaucracy existing in the education system.

Civil society, particularly the elite class, also has to step up and help in overcoming this huge problem. Pakistan is in dire need of more organisations like Zindagi Trust and The Citizens Foundation.

You can follow Rehman on Twitter or read his blog.

Energy crisis in Pakistan

Energy sector of Pakistan is considered to be most underdeveloped, on account of poor administration and planning, with untapped potential for humungous development. The root issue is that energy generation never occurred proportionately with the climbing demand and positive economic development, with quick growth occurring in Musharaf’s period. No one could let him know about the setback in the supply that would induce a energy emergency for nearing government(s). Now we are in an entanglement where no transient solution can work. Separated from this disappointment, government did little to hold the demand which appears to have burst out of extent in recent decades; operational inefficiencies are costing government billions; power theft; and on the highest point of that, the least expensive wellspring of power, specifically, hydropower, experiences occasional differences between 2,414 and 6,761 megawatts, contingent upon river flow. To balance the hole between supply and demand, people experiences load administration or load shedding. This emergency has pervasive and extensive results on economy, society and general working of the country.

Energy crisis is pervasive in all significant parts of economy and it influences quality and standard of life of populace at large. Economy is constantly hit hard on the grounds that energy is vital for the smooth working of its different parts. Economic losses are caused because of it. Modern economy of a country is incorporated, and if one component is uprooted or gets debilitated it affects different components. Lower GDP and inflation could be credited to this on-going emergency.

Agriculture sector is also influenced, to a great extent on the grounds that productivity relies upon the working of tube wells in many areas across Pakistan.

Industrial sector is a standout amongst the most terrible casualties of this crisis. It is wicked picture of units being closed down or run at low capacity, layoffs occurring, and general losses of competitiveness of the country, all of which is likewise harming the economy. An alternate outcome for this segment is shifting of business to countries like Malaysia and Bangladesh. In the event that this crisis is not fathomed promptly, the industrial growth may be turned around totally, permitting other countries to destroy our industries for eternity.

Unemployment is also a outcome of energy crisis. Closing down of units and layoffs create unemployment. In addition, new employment opportunities are not being made because of diminishing financing in new ventures, because of the frail economy and law and order situation in the country.

Social and mental issues are likewise radiating from this crisis. Loading shedding has forced public to take their disappointment to street, unleashing it on public and private property, making the absolute most terrible scenes of incivility. Since residential supply of energy is whimsical and rare, it worries individuals diminishing their productivity.

Most importantly, energy crisis is contributing to destitution. The country is on the way of adding hopelessness to more individuals. In any case, economic growth is the savior.

In short, energy crisis is a torment that is harming numerous other sectors, increasing circular debt on government, and creating unrest in the populace. The issue is two-fold: supply deficiency and demand blast. It is not only the government that is to be blamed, but the people also. Nonetheless, its options have not been exhausted. Instead, there is wide range of policy options available, although time taking, which can end this crisis for many generations, if not for eternity.

Free City Tours in Europe

Free City Tours in Europe. Too good to be true, right? I also had the same reaction when I first heard about Sandeman’s New Europe Tours. I was in London when I first heard about Sandemans. In all the major hostels and budget hotels they were advertising about free walking tours in London. It also got my attention. I tried to inquire about, because when something is too good to be true, then it is probably a scam. I did my little research on the net and found out more about Sandeman’s free walking tours.

After being satisfied with the information I got on the net and from hotel staff, I decided to go on the walking tour next morning. To my surprise it was one of the best experiences I’ve had. The guide was absolutely friendly and very knowledgeable and he showed us all the major tourist attractions in London. The tour lasted for about 2 hours. I enjoyed every moment of it and payed absolutely nothing for the tour except for the voluntary tip to the guide for their excellent guidance and services.

Recently I went to Paris and there also I took Sandeman’s free walking tour. As expected, the walking tour was fantastic, I had a great time.

Now the main question, why does Sandeman’s provide FREE walking tours when there are other companies charging huge amounts for city tours. Actually their business model is simple yet interesting. Sandeman’s hires freelance tourist guides and pays them nothing. Instead they make a living on the tips they receive from tourists taking the tour. On average a tourist gives $5-10 to the guides and there are more than 50 tourists at a time. So you can calculate and know that the tourist guides are making a handsome income just based on the tip money. How does Sandeman’s benefit from it? The guides are instructed to promote other tours of Sandeman’s which are not free. This way the free walking tour is actually a trailer of their excellent services. This way people get to know about the company and are more likely to take their other tours as well.

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